Tatra National Park.
The amazing landscape and natural values of the Tatras have made, that already in v. In the nineteenth century, efforts were made to legally protect them. The first real achievement in this field was the introduction in the years 1868-69 to the parliamentary act "in relation to the prohibition of catching, extermination and sale of alpine animals proper to the Tatra Mountains, groundhog and wild goats ". In the years 1888—89 there was the Society for the Protection of the Polish Tatras, established in order to buy the "Zakopane Tatras" from the hands of the Germans. W r. 1912 the Tatra Protection Section was established in TT. The Polish-Czechoslovak project of organizing the Tatra National Park was developed in. 1925, on the Polish side it was developed in detail by a special commission in the years 1936—37. The material basis was the purchase by the State Treasury of the Tatra part of the Murzasichle-Poronin estate (1932) and Zakopane (1933). W r. 1939 - and this date should be considered the beginning of the TPN - was established by the order of the Ministry of Agriculture “Nature Park, In the Tatra Mountains", covering approx. 8000 ha of areas belonging to the State Forests. The idea of the park was revived after the war. The Polish authorities established in r. 1947 the administrative unit of the State Forests named. "Tatra National Park", w r. 1948 (with the day 1 1 1949 r.) Slovak Tatran-sky national park was established (STOP), Unfortunately, it does not cover most of the Western Tatras. A few years later - 30 X 1954 r. - a regulation of the Council of Ministers creating the area of the Polish Tatra National Park has been issued 22 073 ha (including state forests 11 587 ha). Published in the Journal of Laws of the People's Republic of Poland, this act includes, inter alia,. in. provisions governing tourist traffic within the Tatra Mountains:
§ 3.1. In the Park area (…) human activities and all economic activities, I character, the scope and method of carrying out it must be strictly adapted to the needs of nature protection and be consistent with its objectives.
§ 11.1. In the Park area (…) it is forbidden:
1) polluting the area,
2) hunting, catching and killing wild animals,
3) destroying and damaging trees and destroying other plants,
4) water pollution,
6) soil destruction, damaging and mining rocks
8) destruction of caves, destruction, moving or evacuating animal remains therein and minerals, and the extraction of cave silt,
9) disturbing the silence and starting a fire, except by chance, when it is necessary in connection with a rescue operation or the safety of human life requires it,
15) camping outside the places designated by the director of the Park,
17) using motor and horse-drawn vehicles outside the roads designated by the director of the Park (…).
§ 15. Rescue expeditions have complete freedom of movement and camping in the Park area.
§ 16. Tourist and ski traffic in the Park area may take place only on roads and paths permitted for this traffic and according to the rules established by the director of the Park after considering the applications of tourist and sports organizations (…).
§ 21. The authorized staff of the Park has the right to impose and collect fines by way of penalty notices on the terms and in the manner provided for in the Act of 15 of December 1951 r. (…).